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Green Hydrogen: China Leads, But Faces Stiff Competition

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The global race for unlocking the potential of green hydrogen as an alternative to expensive oil and gas has intensified after Russia invaded Ukraine. China has grabbed a head start — at least in terms of production scale if not in technology. It now hosts the world’s largest operational green hydrogen project utilizing electrolyzers that consume solar power to split water molecules: A 150 megawatt electrolyzer project in China’s remote Ningxia region came fully on line at the end of 2021, outsizing the previous record holder in Canada by over seven times. However, the electrolyzers deployed in Ningxia are mainly based on Western technology from Belgium equipment supplier John Cockerill. Furthermore, many other countries are planning gigantic green hydrogen projects that could — if they materialize — dwarf Chinese ones if Beijing rests on its laurels.

Hydrogen, Emerging Technologies
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