Equinor, US Steel Eye Blue Hydrogen

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Norwegian oil and gas producer Equinor and US Steel have signed a memorandum of understanding to look into using "blue" hydrogen to make "green" steel in the US. The two companies plan to study the feasibility of using natural gas to make blue hydrogen through steam methane reforming and also capturing and storing the carbon dioxide produced during the process. The hydrogen would then be used in the steel production process (NE Jun.10'21). The blue hydrogen and carbon capture and storage agreement between Equinor and US Steel covers plants operated by the US company in Ohio, Pennsylvania and West Virginia. Blue hydrogen and its more environmentally friendly cousin green hydrogen are seen as viable options to help decarbonize sectors of the economy such as steel making and cement production where electrification can't easily replace fossil fuel energy. The iron and steel industry accounts for roughly 7%-9% of global carbon dioxide emissions.

Carbon Capture (CCS), Hydrogen, Energy Storage
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